Prague Czech Republic History
I have just spent the last few days discovering the history of the Czech Republic and its history in general, and now I want to make the most of my day off in the capital, Prague. Prague Castle is therefore a perfect example of the connection of the present with the past, with its rich history and cultural heritage. I only had one day off in Prague, so I ticked off all the things I was looking forward to in my itinerary for the next few weeks.
It is located in the central and western part of the Czech Republic, is divided by the Vltava River and is the center of the historical region of Bohemia. Praha, as Prague is called locally, is located between the Prague Castle and the city of Prague, the capital of Czechoslovakia. In the 13th century the rise of the city began, and three settlements on its territory were granted the status of a city. The settlement "Prague Castle" became the "New City of Prague" in 1257 under King Otakar II, later renamed "Praha" and Later "Bratislava" under the reign of King Rudolf II.
It is located in the central and western part of the Czech Republic, is divided by the Moldova and is the capital of Czechoslovakia with a population of about 3.5 million people.
It is a Slavic settlement that gradually developed into a town, which was founded from the Vysehrad Castle, built at the end of the 10th century. The second Prague city was founded in the 11th and 12th centuries by Ottokar II of Bohemia in the later New Town and is now called Mala Strana. Merchants and craftsmen settled in this area, while the first public buildings of the city, such as the cathedral, the church and the church, were built on the site of a former village, the old town.
Borivoj moved its seat to Prague, also called Prague Castle or the Prague Castle area, which became an inhabited fortress.
Borivoj moved its seat from the fortified settlement of Levy in Hradec to a place called Prague - Prague. The settlement around the Prague Castle was called the New Town of Prague and later Mala Strana. Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic, was adopted as the "Prague Capital" or "Czech Kingdom" and united into one entity.
Prague became the capital of Czechoslovakia after important Germans and Jews left the city in the wake of the invasion of Nazi Germany in 1939 during World War II.
On 14 November 1918, the unification of the Czech lands with Slovakia was proclaimed in Prague, and the Czech nation became a newly formed Czechoslovak state. Czechs and Slovaks peacefully agreed that they would prefer their own country and that it should be divided into Slovakia and the Czech Republic. In 1938, the present "Czech Republic" was the province of Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia (including the Sudetenland).
As the capital of the Kingdom of Bohemia, many monuments in Prague remind of the focus on the city as a focal point. The new, more democratic Czech Republic was born in 1945, when the first presidential election of its kind in Europe was held in Prague. Founded in the Romanesque period in the Gothic and Renaissance periods and flourishing in the Renaissance, Prague has always been a centre of cultural, religious and political life, as well as political and economic development.
This period of Prague's history formed the basis for the development of the Czech Republic into a political and economic power in Europe. The city began to enjoy its prosperity and success and was a thriving economic and cultural centre until the secession from Czechoslovakia, which led to the foundation of Slovakia, of which Prague was the capital. Today, Prague's GDP per capita is more than twice that of the country as a whole, and at EUR 32,357 (2002), it is 153% above the European Union average.
As the Czech Republic does not accept the European single currency, it is not possible to pay in euros in the tourist areas of Prague, but you can use a sightseeing pass called the Prague Card to explore all that Prague has to offer. Of course, the 350 Czech crowns (CZK) are worth a guided tour of Prague Castle. If you are travelling to Prague by plane, you must enter the country in Czech.
Most people in Europe will know that the name Prague is used for the capital of the Czech Republic and also for many other cities in the country. Prague has many nicknames, but it is most famous because it is called Prague Castle, the birthplace of King Charles II and Queen Elizabeth II. It is the second largest city in Czechoslovakia after Prague.
Prague became a city in the 13th century in 1230 and after colonization the Old Town and the Small Quarter were established. Prague became a city in the 14th and 15th centuries, and the Lesser Town was founded during colonization. Czechoslovakia: Prague became a city of the Czech Republic from the 16th to the 17th year of its existence and became a city in the years 1240- and 1650ies.